ARGENTINA NORTH WONDERS
The Argentine circuit sites declared World Heritage got its start in the province of Misiones, Litoral region, where two of them. The first scenario to travel constitute the ruins of the Jesuit Missions Guarani, recognized by UNESCO in 1984, which survived fierce fighting over four centuries ago. A tour to experience the daily lives and sharing Aboriginal missionaries who taught from art and science, to organizing community groups.
In total, the circuit reaches 296 kilometers on the banks of the Parana River and visit the ruins of San Ignacio Mini, Loreto, Santa Ana and Santa Maria. According to UNESCO, as a whole “they represent a sociocultural unprecedented in the history of peoples and economic experience.” The reductions established in the first half of the seventeenth century, were part of the 33 villages that made up the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay.
The second stage of the province of Misiones is the Iguazu National Park, which preserves the famous Iguazu Falls, not only declared Natural Heritage Site in 1984 for its beauty and great biodiversity, but also chosen as one of the Seven Wonders of World. Created in 1934, the park is within a large subtropical jungle and covers some 67,000 hectares, which dates back thousands of years ago. There, the Iguazu River is the main arm of water that feeds more than 250 jumps. The main attractions are the Ecological Train, Devil’s Throat, Martin Garcia Island and the Sendero Macuco.
Towards the northwest of the country, it is the third protected World Heritage site in the province of Jujuy. This is the Quebrada de Humahuaca, selected by UNESCO in 2003, a vast valley that stretches for 170 kilometers, between 2,000 and 4,000 meters high above sea level. Located just under an hour’s drive from San Salvador de Jujuy (provincial capital), cultural and archaeological route passes through small mountain villages with adobe houses, ancient churches and ruins of fortresses that stand the test of thousands of years history.
Among the most important attractions are Purmamarca and its Cerro de los Siete Colores, whose strata reflect diverse geologic ages; It Maimará and “The Painter’s Palette”; Pucara de Tilcara, a fortified town built by natives omaguacas; the monolith marks the Tropic of Capricorn, where each June 21 is celebrated Inti Raymi (Festival of the Sun); and Humahuaca, founded by the Spanish in the late sixteenth century.
MILLENARY TRAILS IN WHOSE ARGENTINO
The Argentine circuit continues World Heritage sites by the Cuyo region, concentrated on the border of the provinces of San Juan and La Rioja. There are the Provincial Park Ischigualasto and Talampaya National Park, which totaling nearly 280,000 hectares desert. The most important value of these areas is preserved fossil remains, considered among the most complete are known Triassic period, more than 200 million years ago.
Ischigualasto (San Juan), popularly known as Moon Valley, is one of the main paleontological sites in the world, where remains of vertebrates that inhabited the place, traces of footprints of dinosaurs and petrified araucarias trunks are sighted. Access to the park is exclusively terrestrial, the tour is guided and extends between three and four hours.
Talampaya (La Rioja) stands out for its strong orographic contrasts that make white deserts, stony embankments and extravagant ways reddish carved by erosion from wind and water. The tours visit El Murallón, with remains of mortar dug into the stone and figures as Chimney, Three Kings, The Cathedral and Monk; Drawers; and the Lost City, which is accessed from a natural viewpoint to a kind of crater.
IN THE HEART OF ARGENTINA
The fifth World Heritage travels the circuit recognized by UNESCO sites are located in the region of the Centre for various parts of the province of Cordoba. It protected for more than a decade, it is the Jesuit Block and the Way of the units that belonged to the Society of Jesus, distinguished between Jesus Maria, Caroya, Santa Catalina, La Candelaria and Altagracia. The route stretches for about 250 kilometers of mountains and custody historical works directed by missionaries and built by aboriginal ethnic groups that inhabited the area in the early seventeenth century.
Jesuit Block, located in the capital city of Cordoba, concentrated in a single block the Church of the Society of Jesus, the Domestic Chapel, the residence of the Jesuits and the Rector of the National University of Córdoba, old Maximum School of Mission. And the rooms are spread over the provincial interior, where food is harvested and raised animals.
SOUTH ROAD OF ARGENTINA HERITAGE
In the Patagonia Argentina are three of the eight Natural Heritage Sites that exist in the country. There, the circuit spans the provinces of Chubut and Santa Cruz, where some of the most visited tourist destinations in the territory are discovered.
The first attraction is Valdes Peninsula, in the province of Chubut, a few kilometers from the city of Puerto Madryn. About 400 thousand hectares of land and 176,000 other sea over the Atlantic Ocean, which are a biodiversity of unique characteristics in the world. The itinerary includes beaches with cliffs of great geological, caves, mountain biking, sailing, diving and kayaking. One of the main attractions is the marine fauna, with a population ranging from whales to Magellanic penguins are sighted between June and December.
A few kilometers further south, Cave of the Hands, the second patagónico recognized by UNESCO World Heritage in 1999, within the province of Santa Cruz appears. A place of great archaeological and paleontological significance, whose figures of hands and animals are considered the oldest expressions of the South American peoples. Paintings located on the river, near the town of Perito Moreno, the cave is 170 meters deep and maintains more than 10,000 years of history.
The third, a few kilometers from the end of the world, is the Los Glaciares National Park, southwest of the province of Santa Cruz. About 700 thousand hectares for the preservation of a vast area of continental ice and glaciers over 40 southern Andean-Patagonian forest. Inside, it is one of the most visited tourist destinations by foreigners: the Perito Moreno Glacier, about 78 kilometers from El Calafate, recognized by the phenomenon of breaking starring every three or four years.
THE LAST WORLD HERITAGE IN ARGENTINA
Finally, the circuit by eight natural and cultural places of Argentina recognized by UNESCO includes Tango, declared in 2009 intangible cultural heritage. A musical genre and a popular dance that has its roots in Buenos Aires (Capital Federal), during the last decades of the nineteenth century, and surprises today in every corner of Buenos Aires.
With great influence of European immigration, Tango managed to become a true cultural identity. Therefore, thousands of tourists come to the country for this national symbol, star of the urban fabric in the main neighborhoods of Buenos Aires. cultural centers, ancient halls, cafes and clubs are home at night some tanguera proposal, where feelings gush to the surface between steps, hugs, looks and firuletes.